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“Montaigne is one of the great sages of that modern world which in a sense began with the Renaissance. He is the bridge linking the thought of pagan antiquity and of Christian antiquity with our own...In the seventeenth century, Pascal, the great Jansenist author of the Pensées...gained, it is said, thirty years by reading Montaigne, thirty years of study and reflection.” — From the Introduction to the Penguin edition of The Complete Essays of Michel de Montaigne. • • • I needed a break from 20th Century American fiction so I downloaded this collection of essays by Michel de Montaigne, considered the first writer of essays as they are written to this day. Normally, I don’t usually go the E-book route but for 2,000+ pages I figured my book bag would thank me. • • • #micheldemontaigne #reading #coffee #bookstagram #ebooks #essays #literature #philosophy #renaissance #reading #books #classical #westerncanon #greek #roman #latin #cicero #plato #aristotle #lucretius #catholicism #scholasticism #theology #science #learning #frenchwriters #frenchliterature #elpaso #eptx #elpasotx #utep

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Inspired by Exodus 3:14, where Moses asks God who he is and God answers "I am who I am", medieval theologians came up with some profound ways to conceptualise God. Thomas Aquinas argued that God is the pure act of being itself, the necessary reason for the existence of all contingent things. Anselm of Canterbury took the abstraction even further with his essentially mystical notion of God as "that than which nothing greater can be thought" - thus placing God outside any conceivable human category. ~~ The baptistery in Pugin's pièce de résistance that is St Giles'

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”Devi, the Divine Mother, was revered as the creative principle of the universe... But around the time that oral traditions were codified into religious texts, the beliefs and practices of ancient people began to shift. Priests were appointed and hierarchies created, and rules and dogma instituted. With the appearance of the Vedas, access to the divine became increasingly guarded by a caste of male priests who interpreted the holy texts. The feminine aspect of Spirit, Devi, began to be pushed aside. This began to translate as a disdainful attitude toward women... Later, as she migrated to Europe, she even began to be demonized. The English word “devil” is hauntingly similar to “Devi.” - Alberto Villoldo: Patanjali the Shaman ✌️💕🐍 #yogawithsandi

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_evagor_. (1/3) To try and get a better handle on what statehood means and the o

(1/3) To try and get a better handle on what statehood means and the origins of our modern conception of a state, I’ve been tackling Jens Bartelson’s “A Genealogy of the State.” In it, Bartelson seeks to deconstruct our notion of sovereignty and explain sovereignty as a fluid definition that is inexorably linked to epistemics and truths situated within historical time frames. More plainly, sovereignty, -our conception of it as a nation with firm boundaries situated within time- cannot be studied as a meta historical concept without being anachronistic. Instead, sovereignty must be understood as a complex web of discourses and arguments that have shifted over millennia: “to write a history of sovereignty is to write a political history of the knowledges that makes sovereignty intelligible.” -pp. 53 An alternative title for the book might be something like “the intellectual foundations of modern states: a history of sovereignty” For me, with my focus on the Renaissance this book was fantastic. Bartelson outlines two main concepts of early medieval concepts of power (sovereignty as a word and concept didn’t exist yet): mytho-sovereignty, a descending concept of power -all power flows from above- and a proto-sovereignty, of ascending-corporate nature, power flows from an earthly community below to the top. Both of these “powers” are universalist in nature, that is, two areas could be distinguished, say Paris and Milan. But, they were not two distinct STATES as we (constantly) think of them unintentionally, because to medieval people they were both part of the universal Christianitas; the universal and immutable community of believers. The only issue of “ownership” (vis a vis territory) was over Emperor vs Pope, the crucial aspect of that dispute here being that no one would argue that they belonged to at least one of those two entities. So, what changed? #history #italianrenaissance #scholasticism #politicalscience

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Repost @matthewpopetwentyeight⁣ ⁣ A #reading from #IllustratedLivesofTheSaints, for August 8, 2019: ⁣ ⁣ #StAltman, #Bishop, was abducted early in his #ministry, and thus would later be installed as #overseer and enforcer for #ThePope. Plagued with interference by obstinance and those downtalking the Canons’ #Papal decree, he was often resisted and obstructed. By this, His #ministerial life teaches us to be patient in well doing. For, in due season we shall reap a #Godly reward. #Altman’s peril, and attempt at thwarting #Godsplans from heresy and schism groups, only propelled the promises of his future #ministries. ⁣ ⁣ #Lord, would we work to be faithful, both to the authority of #TheChurch and to the simple instructions You have instituted we follow, if we truly love Thee. Our hope is to be encouraged and nourished by vigor to be committed to #TheGospel, to #scholasticism in high places, and firmly weighted down with anchors of #doctrinality.⁣#InJesusName. #Amen. ⁣ ____________⁣ #EPICRadio⁣ #EPICYouthRadio⁣ #MatthewPope28⁣ #EPICRadioWakeForest⁣ #EPICYouthRadioWakeForest⁣ #EveryPersonInChristRadio⁣

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A #reading from #IllustratedLivesofTheSaints, for August 8, 2019: ⁣ ⁣ #StAltman, #Bishop, was abducted early in his #ministry, and thus would later be installed as #overseer and enforcer for #ThePope. Plagued with interference by obstinance and those downtalking the Canons’ #Papal decree, he was often resisted and obstructed. By this, His #ministerial life teaches us to be patient in well doing. For, in due season we shall reap a #Godly reward. #Altman’s peril, and attempt at thwarting #Godsplans from heresy and schism groups, only propelled the promises of his future #ministries. ⁣ ⁣ #Lord, would we work to be faithful, both to the authority of #TheChurch and to the simple instructions You have instituted we follow, if we truly love Thee. Our hope is to be encouraged and nourished by vigor to be committed to #TheGospel, to #scholasticism in high places, and firmly weighted down with anchors of #doctrinality.⁣#InJesusName. #Amen. ⁣ ______⁣ #ITAD⁣ #ALIAWYA⁣ #EUTEOTW⁣ #MP28⁣ #InTheApostlesDoctrine⁣ #AndLoIAmWithYouAlway⁣ #EvenUntoTheEndOfTheWorld⁣ #MatthewPope28⁣

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The Bibliotheca- the Toledo Public Library. It is probably as large as the Cathedral in the city. This is because Catholic Scholar and Doctor of the Church, Thomas Aquinas, popularized Scholasticism (Thomism) which highlighted faith and reason. So Catholics and many Christians of other stripes champion these two virtues. In Toledo, the Bibliotheca pictured here, and the Cathedral, are highly elevated in the city above other landmarks, establishing the visual dominance of faith (cathedral) and learning (this gorgeous library). #library #study #bibliotheca #scholasticism #romancatholic #rcc #catholicism #Toledo

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history_of_philosophy_101. Thomas Aquinas: Truth

Truth is a divine thing, a friend more excellen

Thomas Aquinas: Truth Truth is a divine thing, a friend more excellent than any human friend.

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stephans.history.of.the.world. Thomas Aquinas was one of the most prominent scholastic philosophers.

Thomas Aquinas was one of the most prominent scholastic philosophers. The scholastics attempt to create a coherent system that combined the mainstream Christian theology of the day with the recently rediscovered works of Aristotle. . Where previous schools had often been passive learners, scholastic philosophers were strong advocates of the application of logic and argumentation. . Not surprisingly, their emphasis on logical consistency often got them in trouble with the church. Even works by Thomas were censored in 1277. . The Islamic philosopher ibn Rushd (called Averroes in the West) was known as Aristotle's most important commentator. In fact, Aristotle was in medieval Europe simply known as 'the Philosopher' and ibn Rushd as 'the Commentator'. While Thomas was himseld greatly inspired by ibn Rushd, his did disagree on a number of theological points. . The painting was created by Andrea da Firenze in c.1366 AD. . #thomasaquinas #middleages #medievaltimes #christianity #scholasticism #aristotle #averroes #ibnrushd #worldhistory #worldhistoryclass #historyofworld #historyoftheworld #ancienthistory #ancientcivilization #ancientart #ancientwisdom #ancientworldhistory #historylovers #historyofact #historygeek #historybuff #historynerd #historyfacts #historyteacher #historylesson

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history_of_philosophy_101. Thomist Scholasticism: A Summary of the Five Ways

In examining the fi

Thomist Scholasticism: A Summary of the Five Ways In examining the five proofs of Thomas Aquinas, they have two characteristics which they bound themselves to. The first is their foundation in sense experience while the second is their reliance upon the notion of causality. Adding to this is the fact that the argument from motion, argument from efficient cause, and the argument from necessary and possible beings do not prove a personal God. It must be remembered (as in the previous posts of Origins II) that the medievals saw philosophy as a stepping stone to theology and that Aquinas’s philosophical arguments were simply corroborations to his theological task of leading man to union with God. Also important is looking at some of the medieval sciences. Aquinas’s idea that fire is the maximum of heat or his idea that order presupposes intelligence independent of natural processes are something that modern readers may be critical of. Concerning the former, his use of fire as the maximum of heat does not take away from his main argument that there is a perfect standard to judge objects. Concerning the latter, there are modern teleological arguments based on induction. Aquinas’s first three arguments came from Aristotle, Maimonides, and Albert the Great in that order. Aquinas thinks the argument of motion is the most obvious one of all while the argument from necessary and possible beings have the most logical rigor.

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history_of_philosophy_101. Thomist Scholasticism: Proof from the Order of the Universe

It is obs

Thomist Scholasticism: Proof from the Order of the Universe It is observable that parts of the natural world or parts of the human body, which has no intelligence, behave in an orderly manner. They act in special and predictable ways in order to achieve a certain function or end. Because these objects act to achieve the same ends always, or almost always, in the same way and to achieve the greatest results, “ Aquinas claims that “it is plain that they achieve their end, not fortuitously, but designedly.” However, objects that have no intelligence, such as an ear or lung, cannot carry out its function unless directed by something intelligent. Therefore, Aquinas thinks “some intelligent being exists by whom all natural things are directed to their ends, and this being we call God.”

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history_of_philosophy_101. Thomist Scholasticism: Proof from the Degrees of Perfection

From our

Thomist Scholasticism: Proof from the Degrees of Perfection From our experiences, we can see that some beings are more good, true, and noble while others less. These way of comparing things is only possible as their is a sort of maximum or standard which these beings are compared to. In view of this, their must be something that is best, nobles, and truest. Similarly, when we compare beings saying that one is more or less being or higher or lower form of being (such as comparing a rational creature to a rock), their must also be something that is the most being. Aquinas then argues that the maximum in any genus is the cause of everything within that genus. Using the example of fire, Aquinas says that fire is the maximum of heat and causes all hot things. From this, Aquinas concludes “there must also be something which is to all beings the cause of their being, goodness, and every other perfection; and this we call God.”

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jun_tmay. ‪ルーベンスタイン『中世の覚醒』 (ちくま学芸文庫)。こんなに面白い本に出会えることの幸せ。アリストテレスの受容にまつわる中世史、科学史と政

‪ルーベンスタイン『中世の覚醒』 (ちくま学芸文庫)。こんなに面白い本に出会えることの幸せ。アリストテレスの受容にまつわる中世史、科学史と政治思想史、はてはその現代的な意義を勢いよく学ぶことができる。恐ろしく人間的で論争的な、東西冷戦をも凌駕する知のドラマを満喫できる。好著中の好著。‬  本書が歴史学プロパーではなく紛争学の研究者によって書かれたというのがミソである。平和構築とは「共通項」を見つけ、対立勢力が互いの存在を認めていく作業。ゆえにイスラーム、ユダヤ、キリスト教の巨人たちがアリストテレスという共通の知をもって信仰と理性の調和に挑んだかつての営為は現代にこそいきると筆者は説く。  原題はAristotle's Children: How Christians, Muslims, and Jews Rediscovered Ancient Wisdom and Illuminated the Middle Ages. 9/11に大きく揺れる2003年に出版された。近代の再帰化や原理主義の台頭に悩む現代において、その処方箋は中世のモデルケースにあるのかもしれない。  #nonfiction #ノンフィクション #aristotleschildren #richardrubenstein #scholasticism #中世 #ヨーロッパ史 #bookstagram #読書好きな人と繋がりたい #読書 #読書記録 #読書メモ #読書ノート #読書垢 #歴史 #世界史 #ちくま学芸文庫 #中世ヨーロッパ #中世の覚醒 #アリストテレス #宗教史 #歴史学 #思想史 #小沢千重子 #宗教学 #キリスト教史 #reading #readinglog #筑摩書房

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adrianurias08. New issue came in the mail! \"If it ain't Baroque, don't fix it\" #puns

New issue came in the mail! "If it ain't Baroque, don't fix it" #puns #philosophy #Catholicism #scholasticism

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birdbrenn. Catholic pro-life rhetoric is doctrine,  not dogma. That means  it's m

Catholic pro-life rhetoric is doctrine, not dogma. That means it's mutable. What happened to the great scholastics seeking progress? What happened to those who dared defy not just secular society, but the status quo of their own faith? We do not follow the Bible but the catechism, which clearly states an eternal separation between human and divine. To seek to involve the state in your enforcement of will over others is an act of ego-driven divine omnipotence. That's called "playing god" . That's original sin. #radicalcatholicism #reformedcatholic #scholasticism #Catholic #abortionisahumanright

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